How to Create a Podcast Studio on a Shoestring Budget

Want to record your own podcast?

Then you’re going to need some podcast equipment.

Now, when people start podcasting, many of them fall into one of two camps ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

Some parties make waaay too much time decide what podcast material to buy And others buy their gear on a impulse without doing enough research beforehand

The downside to# 1 is why you litter too much time researching when you should be taking action–actually recording your evidence and putting it out there in the world.

But you don’t want to go too far in the other direction. Because the downside to# 2 is that you could buy the mistaken thing–maybe you get a microphone that doesn’t genuinely work for your needs–and you end up either consuming money, causing low-quality audio, or both.

It’s my hope that this post will solve both of those problems.

If you don’t know me, I’m the guy behind the scenes who does all the editing for the Perpetual Traffic podcast.

The Perpetual Traffic Podcast logo

So needless to say, I’ve came quite a bit of event in podcasting. I’ve too exploited a lot of different audio equipment over the years–some of it really gone, some of it not so good.

And in this article, you’re going to get the benefit of my experience. You’re going to learn exactly what pieces of podcast gear you need to record your own high-quality podcast. It doesn’t matter if you’re setting up a professional-level studio or getting started on a shoelace budget.

I’ll help you find implements that fit your needs and your budget, so you can rest assured you’re use the privilege equipment for what you’re actually doing.

What Type of Podcast Are You Recording?

When creating a podcast studio, there’s one big question you need to think about ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

What is going to do the best job of capturing my material and the chemistry of my legion( s) and/ or guest( s )?

And the truth is that there’s no one right answer to that question. The rebut is going to vary from podcast to podcast.

The equipment you choose for your studio should depend on the type of podcast you’re producing.

Part of the reason why? Because there are many different types of podcasts out there ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

Traditional podcast Interviews Case studies/ reporting Live happenings/ webinars Inspirational Storytelling

This is important to realize because the equipment you choose for your studio should depend on the type of podcast you’re producing, as well as other factors like your budget and your preserve environment.

So, remain that in spirit. The equipment is here to serve your needs–not the other way around–so make sure to get what will work for YOU.

The Podcast Production Process

Before we dive into the podcast paraphernalium itself, I think it will be helpful to cover what the usual podcast product process looks like.

( RELATED: How to Launch a Podcast, Drive it to the Top of the Charts, AND Keep it There in Just 4 Steps)

And generally speaking, there are two main steps involved ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

Step 1: Record Step 2: Edit and Upload

Here’s what the podcast spring looks like for the Perpetual Traffic podcast ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

What the podcast production flow looks like for the Perpetual Traffic podcast

Now, this process will examine different for different podcasts. If your display consists of time “youre talking”, for example, then you won’t need to get Skype or a scold recorder involved.

We use that for Perpetual Traffic because Molly and Ralph are almost never in the same physical point for the podcast. So we record abusing Skype.

It’s a cool workflow because even though the emcees aren’t in the same room, we can still capture the chemistry of their relationships and their conferences by recording it live.

Once Step 1 is finished, the present moves on to Step 2. Which is where I take over.

And after the call is recorded, each person moves me their audio folders for editing. This highway, I get three high-quality redundant documents, with three different versions of the Skype call. So if anything goes wrong with one file, I have two other backups. That has really come in handy during a few cases of our episodes.

Then I will go through and revise the present, and finally upload it employing our podcast emcee Libsyn.

And along the way, at each and every step, we are using some section of specialized equipment–whether it’s a condenser microphone, an audio mixer, or audio regaining software.

And in the rest of this announce, I’ll share my top recommendations for each and every piece of rig you need to produce your own professional-sounding podcast.

How to Choose a Microphone for Making a Podcast

When you think about podcasting equipment, the first thing that pas in your honcho is probably microphones.

So what kind of microphone should you use when making a podcast?

Well, the answer is that there’s no simple explanation. The best microphone will depend on your specific needs and situation.

And when you’re obtaining a mic, the most important question to ask is ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

What kind of environment are you recording in?

Are you recording interviews in public locates, with lots of ambient noise?

On a theatre in front of an public?

In your gondola?

Or are you recording in a hushed studio at home?

Depending on your recording environment, a different type of microphone might make sense for your podcast.

And broadly speaking, there are two main types of microphones ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

Condenser mics and dynamic mics.

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Condenser Microphones

Condenser microphones are best used in a restraint environment( like a quiet studio ).

They’re very accurate, extremely sensitive, and can create fantastically high-quality audio.

On the downside, they’re likewise more delicate. They have a tendency to pick up external resounds, who are able to problematic in public targets. They also require ability to run. This is called phantom power and is transferred to the mic through an XLR cable from a mixer or preamp.

Here are a few condenser mics who the hell is favourite with podcasters, at 3 different cost ranges.

Stage 1: Off-color Yeti Pro ($ 250)

Blue Yeti Pro

Source: Amazon

The Yeti Blue is a commonly used and much-loved microphone by a good deal of podcasters. It’s probably the least expensive condenser mic that I would recommend.

If you’re recording in a quiet discern, have a somewhat limited budget, and require the best-quality audio you can get, the Yeti Blue “ve been a big” option.

Level 2: Rode Broadcaster ($ 418)

Rode Broadcaster

Source: Amazon

This is a popular mic for professional radio. It is similarly suited as a voice-over microphone for film and television.

It’s designed to provide the ultimate accomplishment for broadcast vocal applications.

The Broadcaster features an internal pa filter that understates plosive tones from the speaker’s voice that can overload the microphone and distort the audio production( we’ll have more on this in the Accessories division below ).

Level 3: Neumann U8 7 ($ 3,200)

Neumann U87

Source: Amazon

At over 3 grand, this mic is out of most people’s price range. It’s actually a Howard Stern-level mic. But I’m including it here to give you an idea of just how much you can pay for a really powerful condenser mic.

And this gives you an example of one of the downsides to condenser mics, which is their price tag.

Condenser mics be difficult to spawn. The mechanism is sensitive and involved. And with engineering like that, you get what you pay for.

You are able to obtain some really amazing sound from a condenser mic, but you’ll have to pay at least $300 -$ 500 on the low end.

Now if you don’t have that kind of budget, or if you’d very get more blow for your horse, then you might be more interested in a dynamic microphone.

Dynamic Microphones

Dynamic microphones are great for louder environments since they were won’t pick up as much ambient noise.

If you’re recording somewhere with background noise–in the car, in a eatery, or even in a area with outside sound coming in through the window–then a dynamic mic is probably a smart-alecky choice.

Compared to condenser mics, which can be quite delicate, dynamic mics are more rugged. You can throw them in a case and make them on the road without having to worry.

Here are the three dynamic microphones I recommend, with an option for every expenditure compas ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND Position 1: ATR-2 100 ($ 68)

ATR-2100

Source: Amazon

This is a really popular microphone. Tim Ferriss even recommended it on his blog, saying it has “the best bang-for-the-buck value I’ve found.”

It’s a great mic at a great price. It’s likewise super versatile–you can use it as a USB mic, or you can use an XLR cable to push it into a mixer.

Now if you’ve got a little more money to play with, you could consider upgrading to…

Degree 2: Rode Podcaster ($ 229)

Rode Podcaster

Source: Amazon

The Rode Podcaster is a great all-around mic. It causes really nice sound and has a built-in popping filter.

This is the microphone Ralph Burns uses.

Level 3: Shure SM7 ($ 400)

Shure SM7

Source: Amazon

This is what we use in the DigitalMarketer studio. It’s a killer-sounding mic.

Notice that even at the high discontinue, these dynamic mics are still quite a bit less expensive than the condenser mics. That’s because dynamic mics use a much simpler mechanism. As a solution, you can pay less and still get great-sounding audio.

So, if penalty is a big factor for you, it probably impels ability to go for a dynamic mic when you’re precisely getting started.

Condenser and dynamic mics will be the best choice for most podcasters, the majority of cases. But sometimes, depending on the nature of your podcast( and the location where you’re recording it ), you might need a more specialized mic.

For those situations, you’ll probably want to look into a lavalier mic or a shotgun mic.

Lavalier Microphones

Lavalier mics are a form of condenser microphones that you clip to your shirt. As a ensue, they’re unusually mobile, which makes them perfect for speaking on stage or any other epoch you need to walk around.

They’re likewise a great choice for terms when it’s not appropriate to spend a lot of go setting up large-hearted microphones–impromptu interviews and so on. In fact, because they’re so big and inconspicuous, you can take them just about anywhere without shaping it too obvious that you’re recording.

One trick that I use when recording in a diner is to clip a lavalier onto the side of an empty-headed glass. Then slide the glass toward the person you’re interviewing.

You’ll get great audio and can still capture the magic and maintain the chemistry between you and your guest, without having to embarrass them or interrupt the moment.

There are a lot of immense lavalier mics out there. Here’s a handy alternative for anyone with an iPhone ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND Sennheiser ClipMic ($ 200)

Sennheiser ClipMic

Source: Amazon

The ClipMic is a really cool lavalier microphone that pushes right into an iPhone, which induces it super convenient–just plug it into your phone, excerpt it onto your shirt, and you’re ready to record.

There are other lavalier mics available, of course. But most of them are designed to plug into a wireless structure which does make it more expensive.

Rode SC6 ($20)

Rode SC6

Source: Amazon

This is a handy little adapter that allows you to plug a lav microphone and headphones into your telephone for doing phone interviews.

In order for this to work you need to use a lav mic to construct the iPhone like a smartLav by Rode.

But using something like the Rode SC6, you can plug your mic right into your phone to record a call.

Shotgun Microphones

If you’re shooting in a loud apartment, especially with multiple parties( when presenting everyone a lavalier might be questionable ), you’re probably going to want to use a shotgun mic.

Shotgun microphones are very directional. Think of them like sound flashlights. They record in future directions you time them, but ignore any sound coming from other directions.

High-end shotgun mics can run upwards of $ 800 for the NTG3. But for a fraction of the rate you can get another really nice shotgun mic from Rode, the VideoMic.

Razz VideoMic ($ 150)

Rode VideoMic

Source: Amazon

One cool thing about the VideoMic is that you can mount it right on top of a camera. Obviously, most podcasters aren’t doing a lot of video. But if you need to record a video every now and then, this gives you a really easy point-and-click solution ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

And like I mentioned, this will do a good job of filtering out background noise. It’s a good choice if you’re going to be recording in public arranges like conventions.

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Accessories

Now that we’ve flooded mics, let’s talk about some of the useful supplements that can be used become your microphone ever more effective. Depending on where you record your podcast, you’ll almost certainly be able to improve the audio tone of your picture with a few cases of these accessories.

Boom Arm

Boom Arm

Source: Amazon

A boom arm is a nifty little tool that lets you suspend your microphone and swing it back and forth. It’s a beneficial way to store your microphone on your table. You can let your mic hang safely out of the way, and then readily pull it in front of you when you’re ready to start recording.

It’s too a helpful supplementary anytime you have a guest but simply one microphone. It’s an easy( and hushed) behavior to swing the mic back& forth between speakers.

Pop Filter

Pop Filter

Source: Amazon

Pop filters are one of the most useful supplementaries on such lists. If you’re serious about recording a podcast, you’ll almost certainly want to get one.( Luckily, they’re cheap –$ 10 to $20 in most cases .)

So, what do they do?

Pop filters help by filtering out the plosives from your tone. Plosives are an explosive phone that comes when you say a word with a p resonate( to a lesser degree, the words t, k, d, g, and b can also cause plosives ).

Without a pop filter, plosives will really jump out in your audio enters. They cause deformations and will generally start your podcast tone less professional.

So simply do the easy thing and use a pop filter. It’ll improve your audio caliber and save you time in editing.

That said, some people have more pronounced plosives than others. Some parties have faint plosives, while some people have such thunderou plosives that “theyre using” two papa filters at once.

Shock Mount

Shock Mount

Source: Amazon

A shock mount is a cradle that holds your microphone. It ensure your mic with elastic bands that cut down on vibrations.

So, if your microphone happens to shake a little bit during recording–maybe a truck resounds by, or perhaps you just accidentally bump into it–the shock mount will reduce any extra noise or distortion.

Acoustic Medicines

Acoustic Treatments 

Source: Amazon

Have you noticed the path movie theater ever seem to have wraps having over all the walls? That’s no accident. Those acoustic covers facilitate cut down on reiterates and improve the voice aspect of the movie.

And if you have a room that you’re squandering as a recording space, you can do the same thing. Just argument your walls with acoustic cares like these sud deals. They’ll give you a better acoustic environment for your podcast.

You can also use things like ponderous screens over the windows, wrap, and bookcases full of volumes. Soft things that can absorb the clang and is an impediment from bouncing around the room.

( Just don’t consume your time with egg containers. They don’t progressing well as an acoustic treatment .)

Headphones

Headphones

Source: Amazon

If you have any other dins happening during your show–like audio from a person you’re interviewing–you’ll have to wear headphones so you don’t get feedback in your mic.

You don’t have to spend a ton of money here. The iPhone headphones are actually pretty good for this.

Another good alternative is the Sony MDR Series. They don’t “ve got a lot” of bass, but they let you hear the whole vocal straddle, which manufactures them enormous for podcasting.

Headphone Amp

Headphone Amp

Source: Amazon

If you’re doing a see with several hosts, you might want to invest in a headphone amp. This basically allows you to plug in multiple headphones and cause everyone control over their own headphone volume.

This way, everyone can hear what’s going on without producing any feedback.

Transcription Designs

OK, so far, we’ve talked about microphones–which is the device you’re recording WITH. But what are you recording ONTO?

That’s where recording maneuvers come into play.

And there are a few different options now ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

USB microphone plugged into your computer( for one person) Audio interface( for two people) Mixer( for a more complex setup) Field record-keeper( for when you’re out and about) iPhone/iPad( convenient but lower caliber)

Now here’s a brief description of each of these options ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND USB Microphone

The first, simplest, and easiest alternative is to simply plug a USB mic into your computer. If your podcast consists of merely you, and you’re recording at home, this is the method you should use. You don’t need anything fancier than that.

But once you start adding more parties( either clients or co-hosts ), and moving to brand-new locations, things have begun to get a little more complicated.

You could use a single USB microphone with two parties … but it wouldn’t be standard. For one thing, you’d both need to lean in toward the microphone together. It would be awkward.

And then your finished audio record would all be on 1, single audio track–which means you wouldn’t be able to easily revise each person’s speech separately.

So, for a 2-person substantiate, you’re better off using…

Audio Interface

Here’s an example of an audio interface–this is the Focusrite Scarlett ($ 270 ):

Focusrite Scarlett

Source: Amazon

This device allows you to record 2 mics at the same time on separate directs. And because it’s a USB preamp, you can plug it directly into your computer.

If you need more than 2 mics, then you’ll need…

Mixer

Now if you’re doing an even more complex setup–maybe “youve had” 3 emcees, are doing some sound effects, and want to incorporate live calls–you’re going to need a mixer to mix together and control the audio from many different sources.

Mixer

Source: Amazon

Now don’t tell that depict terrorize you. It inspects complex, but it’s mostly the same thing as the audio boundary you checked above. The only difference is that this includes more than time 2 directs and has some audio processing like equalization.

So, formerly you understand how to use the phones to control 1 canal, you’ll know how to use them all.

Field Recorder

If you want to capture high-quality audio while you’re out and about, you’re probably going to want to use a discipline record-keeper. These are really popular manoeuvres with a great deal of podcasters.

The most popular label is the Zoom ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

Zoom Field Recorder

Source: Amazon

You can push up to 2 microphones into this, or you can use the built-in mic. It’s small and light, so you are unable to carry it just about anywhere.

iPhone/iPad

Lastly, you can simply record on your phone. And this isn’t going to give you the best audio quality around, but it’s by far the most convenient option.

This is especially true if you use some of the microphones that we talked about earlier–like the Sennheiser ClipMic–that plug title into your phone.

Post-Production Software

Once your podcast is recorded and saved on your computer as an audio document, the next step is to edit it.

Editing is where you can tweak and polish the podcast, delete “dead air, ” adjust and equalize the loudnes heights, and otherwise clean it up and make it sound more professional.

Here are 3 different levels of editing software to consider, starting with 2 free options( one for Windows and one for Mac ), a mid-level option, and a fee option.

Daring( Free–Windows)

If you’re go Windows and looking for a free route to get started, give Audacity a try. It can do all the basics and is a good introduction( specially if all we need to do is do basic editing ).

Garage Band( Free–Mac)

Garage Band comes free on all Macs and is actually a pretty great program. It’s also really easy to use, which is a big plus for beginners.

If you’re getting started and you use a Mac, emphatically begin by exploiting Garage Band.

Logic Pro ($ 199)

This is the program I use, and it’s a really amazing piece of software. You can do some really deep-dives into editing and significantly improve the hubbub of your podcast.

Here’s a quick kill of what an bout of Perpetual Traffic looks like as I’m editing it inside of Logic Pro ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

What editing an episode of the Perpetual Traffic podcast looks like in Logic Pro

Adobe Audition ($ 20/ month and up)

Adobe Audition is a really premium software. It pretty much has everything you need, along with a lot of cool facets you won’t find in most other editing programs.

It’s roughly concluded for creating podcasts.

The only downside to Adobe Audition is the monthly returning subscription cost. So “youre supposed to” don’t want to invest in this software until you’re sure that you need the extra features Audition provides.

Audio Restoration Software

When you record outside, or in public, unavoidably you’ll have distracting sounds. A dog will bark. Someone will sneeze. A group of motorcycles will drive by.

Now back in the day, to get high-quality audio you had to record in a studio. And the reason was pretty simple: because there was no easy room to get rid of those disconcerting noises.

Well, today there is.

Using audio restoration software, you can perform surgery on your audio folders. In a road, it’s kind of like Photoshop for audio. You can use it to crop out any agitating sounds.

Here’s an example of a document I cleaned up exerting Izotope RX ($ 399 ). This is the “before” image ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

An example of a file cleaned up using Izotope RX. This is the “before” image

And here’s what it looked like after I removed the confuse noises ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

An example of a file cleaned up using Izotope RX. This is the “after” image

Now, this software isn’t cheap. But if you’re recording outside or in loud environments, it can work some serious magic.

( Note: Adobe Audition has its own audio restoration features, so if you go that route you won’t need to buy Izotope RX .)

Adding Music to Your Podcast

If you listen to the Perpetual Traffic podcast, you’ll notice we use a great deal of music throughout each episode.

It has to reflect the vibe, the feeling, and the spice of what you’re going for.

Not entire vocals or anything. Exactly bits and pieces–sometimes just sound bytes–to punctuate the verse. Think of it like missile points…

Music cracks up the talking Aid us emphasize sure-fire parts And improves the symbolize and move of the conversation

Music is important in podcasts, and you have to be really intentional when you’re choosing it. It has to reflect the vibe, the depression, and the flavor of what you’re going for.

Remember, there’s no video. No idols. So the music truly becomes like your audio brand.

For Perpetual Traffic, “weve created” our own patronage music. But you don’t “re going to have to” do that!( Extremely when you’re just starting a podcast .)

Instead, you can get started with stock music. Just make sure to search for “podsafe music, ” which means you can legally use and distribute it through your podcast without royalties.

Podcast Hosting Work

OK, so your podcast is recorded and revised. You’ve exported it from your post-production software and it’s sitting on your desktop as an MP3.

Now what?

Your next gradation is to upload the record to a podcast host.

The podcast host is the place where your documents live online. It hosts your records so they can be added to iTunes and located/ downloaded by podcasting apps.

They also take care of some technical housekeeping stuff, like engender an RSS feed, scheduling displays in advance, and making register statistics.

Now, strictly speaking, you don’t have to use a podcast emcee. You can probably create your own RSS feed and sign on immediately through iTunes. But a podcast host performs the process much, much easier, faster, and more hassle-free. I most recommend use one.

At DigitalMarketer, we use a podcast multitude announced Libsyn. It’s a great service–easy to use and it makes huge. The expenditure varies from$ 5/ month to $75/ month, depending on what you need. Paying more gets you more storage cavity and more advanced analytics.

Libsyn is a great choice, but if you want to comparison shop, here are some other good options ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

Blubrry SoundCloud Buzzsprout

Once your podcast is hosted and you have a valid RSS feed, there’s one final step. And that is to sign up for Podcast Connect and enter your RSS feed URL from your podcast emcee. This is how you get your podcast onto iTunes.

Overcome That Inertia& Get Started

You’ve time learned a TON about podcasting equipment.

Your psyche might be spinning a little bit right now. If it is, that’s OK!

The important thing to remember is this ๐Ÿ˜› TAGEND

Get started with the best equipment you can…but don’t make appropriate tools prevent you from launching.

If you really want that $ 800 Rode NTG3, but can’t afford it hitherto, don’t make that be a barrier. Choose a cheaper mic to start–such as the Rode VideoMic–and upgrade when you can afford to.

Remember, guys: launching a podcast is like launching a cruise ship.

The inertia is always greatest at the beginning.

Once the ship comes moving, you’ll start to develop some momentum. And it’s always a good deal easier to improve a podcast that you’re once producing than it is to begin something brand-new.

So, don’t situated it off. Get the best stuff you can for now and launching the darn thing. You can always improve it over time.

Podcasting is a marathon , not a sprint. And the best way to reach your goal is to start flowing as soon as you can.

( NOTE: Need a helping hand with your digital sell struggles? Or maybe you simply crave proven, actionable commerce implements, tactics, and templates to implement in your business? Check out the latest deal from DigitalMarketer, and you will be on your path to helping your business grow .)

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